We may wish for perfectly smooth, even skin, but many of us have uneven skin tones. This may take the form of redness, acne scars, age spots, or sun damage, which can cause blemishes or patches of colour on the skin. Uneven skin can be temporary or permanent, and it may result from sun exposure, age, medications and hormones. Fortunately, there are remedies to help you smooth out discolouration and hyperpigmentation in your skin. Here are five steps to improve your skin tone.
Exfoliate once a week.
The top layer of your skin is mostly made up of dead skin cells. Regular exfoliation helps speed up the process of removing those dead skin cells, revealing brighter, smoother skin underneath. It also helps decongest your pores by sucking out sebum, dirt and other impurities that can cause breakouts. When searching for an exfoliator, keep your skin type in mind.
For example, if you have dry, bumpy skin, you may need something which contains both chemical and physical exfoliants. While those who are prone to acne should avoid physical exfoliants as they tend to be more abrasive and could irritate inflamed skin. Those who have oily or acne-prone skin may use a face exfoliator that has salicylic acid in it. It's a fantastic skincare ingredient that most people can benefit from. Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid that's used in many chemical peels. It effectively sloughs off dead skin cells and debris and is great for treating acne.
Use a brightening vitamin C product for daytime
Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that helps treat sun and environment-induced damage to the skin and neutralises free radicals. In the morning, you want to work on evening out your skin tone by reaching for an all-star daytime ingredient such as a vitamin C serum. It can work wonders on your skin, because while it’s a magnificent brightener, it’s also a potent antioxidant. This means it can help fend off free radicals by capping their unbound electrons, which can also be responsible for causing pigment cells to fire and create an uneven skin tone.
Apply sunscreen every. single. day.
Like so many skin-care issues, prevention is the name of the game, so regardless of the season, you should be loading up on sunscreen to protect yourself from harmful UV rays. Remember, the cells that make dark spots are activated by sunlight, even a little bit of unprotected exposure can reverse all of the hard work you put in. So if you want to keep dark spots, flare-ups and skin cancer at bay, don't forget to slather on a broad spectrum SPF (at least 30!) before stepping outside, no matter what the weather condition.
Incorporate retinol in your nighttime routine.
Before hitting the bed, add either retinol or an AHA cream/serum. Retinol, which is a vitamin A derivative, works on hyperpigmentation in two ways—by fading existing dark spots and curbing the production of melanin, which causes dark spots.
Supplement with collagen peptides in your diet.
This essential protein is necessary to reduce the signs of aging, such as fine lines and wrinkles, saggy skin, and uneven skin tone. The amino acids found in collagen help keep your skin looking smooth, even, and healthy. To improve an uneven complexion, collagen may be the answer. While creams and other skin products containing collagen help improve the outer layer of skin, collagen supplements will increase collagen on a deeper level (in the dermis). The dermis is responsible for keeping skin tight and firm, so the more collagen that reaches this level, the better your skin will look.
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The benefits of collagen don’t stop with the skin; adding collagen to your hair care routine can be extremely beneficial as well!